《参考观点》(第14期)| 关于华为鸿蒙系统及对其评价

2021-06-08
导语
华为在6月2号推出其新研发的鸿蒙2.0操作系统,引发境外媒体高度关注。此前,美国政府对华为等中国的企业采取一系列封锁和制裁措施,尤其是限制华为使用谷歌的手机操作系统安卓。美方此举迫使华为另辟蹊径,做到自力更生、弯道超车。


1.鸿蒙系统,作为一个将会覆盖华为在国内一切高科技产品的全方面系统,将为用户带来最先进的一体化服务。


Huawei has been developing HarmonyOS since 2016 and bills it as an operating system that can work across many internet-connected devices from smartphones to wearables. The company claims it is easy for developers to create apps that can work across different products.

The focus on HarmonyOS working across devices is one way Huawei is trying to differentiate its operating system from Google’s Android and Apple’s iOS.

“HarmonyOS is designed to provide the glue between a growing array of connected devices that Huawei is targeting,” Ben Wood, chief analyst at CCS Insight, said.

“Huawei will be hoping that it can follow Apple’s lead, by having a single software platform that extends in all directions, providing a seamless experience to customers that buy into its ecosystem of products.”

(June 2, 2021, CNBC, Huawei launches its own operating system on smartphones in challenge to Google Android)

The Chinese smartphone giant also said at Harmony’s launch that the OS would eventually be used in PCs, wearables, cars, smart speakers, earphones and virtual reality glasses, among other products. With new partnerships unveiled with HarmonyOS 2, the system could eventually be found on Midea appliances and DJI drones.

Richard Yu Chengdong, head of Huawei’s consumer business group, said at the company’s 2019 developer conference that Huawei aims to make HarmonyOS the world’s most advanced operating system for the next-generation IoT applications.

 (June 4, 2021, SCMP, Will Huawei’s Harmony operating system end the global duopoly of Google’s Android and Apple’s iOS?)

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图片来源:DNS INDIA

2.随着鸿蒙系统的推广,银行、游戏、软件公司等纷纷试图寻求其中创造的新商机,赶上时代潮流。

Following Huawei's formal launch of HarmonyOS 2.0 on June 2, three Chinese banks took the lead to announce support and intent to integrate the domestically-developed operating system.

Bank of China said on Friday that it will cooperate with Huawei to launch the Atomic Services of banknote reservations in HarmonyOS system. Consumers can make reservations by searching for the app in the Service Center, without the need to download or install any new programs, making it easier and more convenient to access functions. 

On the same day, China Guangfa Bank Credit Card Center said that its app is compatible to HarmonyOS. In addition, the bank has set up an online HarmonyOS zone, where consumers can buy Huawei devices that use the system.

China CITIC Bank Credit Card also rolled out credit cards that support HarmonyOS to streamline application and payment processes.
Besides, Xiamen, East China's Fujian Province-based open-source development engine for games said that its upcoming Cocos Creator 3.2 engine will support HarmonyOS, the first game engine to do so worldwide.

(June 6, 2021, Global Times, 3 Chinese banks join Huawei's HarmonyOS ecosystem, boosting its commercialization)

3.鸿蒙系统的推出打破了安卓和iOS两大系统的双头垄断,在中国社会上得到了大体正面的反响,有利于未来鸿蒙系统的持续推广和推动中国的高科技产业的创新和发展。

China's official Xinhua News Agency reports that the Shenzhen-based tech giant is anticipating 300 million devices to be equipped with HarmonyOS by the end of the year.

There was great excitement in China when the operating system launched, with one person calling it the possible "start of our technological take-off".

"The long-awaited system is here," said one social media user on micro-blogging site Weibo.

"Building the world's largest mobile phone system is just around the corner!" another added.

(June 3, 2021, BBC, Huawei operating system coming to smartphones in Asia)

Huawei beginning to poke holes in one of the world's most deeply entrenched duopolies is the culmination of a long-term Chinese vision that began decades ago when China began its reform and opening-up policies and embraced globalization. Since, in the Western world, China has long been seen as a manufacturing floor for Western companies, but China's goal – as is the goal of every country in the world – has been to actually contribute more substantially to innovation and development than to just be a cheap source of off-shored labor.

(May26, 2021, CGTN, Huawei's HarmonyOS speaks to the success of China's reform and opening-up)

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图片来源:腾讯

4. 华为此前所面临源自美国压力所造成的挑战,并不能轻易地由鸿蒙系统的推广而得到彻底解决。

Huawei, which was put on the US blacklist in May 2019, has made heavy investments in the development of HarmonyOS in a bid to shield its smartphone business from trade restrictions as well as to compete against other major Chinese Android smartphone vendors.
The company, which once surpassed Samsung Electronics in global smartphone shipments, has been one of the major casualties of rising US-China tensions. It is now struggling with tighter restrictions imposed last year, covering access to chips developed or produced using US technology, from anywhere.

Google still provides security and app updates on Huawei devices available before May 16, 2019. But without proprietary Google Mobile Services apps like Google Maps, Gmail and YouTube, Huawei’s newer smartphones have been a lot less useful for consumers outside China.

A senior Huawei executive said the company plans to deploy Harmony OS on up to 400 million devices in 2021, as the firm maneuvers to survive harsh US technology restrictions.

 (May 31, 2021, SCMP, Huawei launches HarmonyOS 2.0 for smartphones in uphill battle against Google’s Android operating system)

The use of its own operating system will mean  Huawei will no longer be reliant on Android. U.S. sanctions banned Google (GOOGL.O) from providing technical support to new Huawei phone models and access to Google Mobile Services, the bundle of developer services upon which most Android apps are based.

The new HarmonyOS will only go some way to mitigating the impact of the 2019 sanctions that also barred Huawei from accessing critical U.S.-origin technology, impeding its ability to design its own chips and source components from outside vendors. 

 (May 25, 2021, Reuters, Huawei plans to launch new operating system for phones in June)

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图片来源:Pocket-lint


5.鸿蒙系统的推出以及随后的推广也关系到中国和美国在欠发达国家和地区的技术和市场竞争。

Ms. Peng, the Canalys analyst, said Huawei may have greater success selling its operating system to vendors dominant in markets such as Africa, where Google’s mobile software is less entrenched and local software developers are more prominent.

(Jun 01, 2021, WSJ, Huawei Targets Google’s Android Dominance with Harmony OS)

Chinese tech giant Huawei could change Africa’s mobile ecosystem with the release of its own mobile phone operating system, Harmony OS.

The company’s new mobile phone operating system sets up a battle between U.S. and Chinese tech firms over what Africans can see, hear, read and say.

Harmony will initially release exclusively on Huawei devices, but the company plans for broader use by third-party manufacturers. Although Huawei handsets only make up about 9 percent of the African smartphone market, Chinese brands overall make up more than 64 percent of Africa’s smartphone market. The numbers are similar in other low-income markets like Southeast Asia and Latin America.

(April 30, 2021, The Washington Post, Huawei is trying to avoid U.S. sanctions. That may change the U.S.-China tech rivalry in Africa)


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